The current outbreak of Yellow Fever in Angola is the worst they have seen since 1986. Yellow fever is another mosquito born viral infection which carries serious consequences. Take a look below to find out more about the virus and how to stay safe while on your travels.
What is Yellow Fever?
Yellow Fever is an acute hemorrhagic viral infection which is transmitted by infected mosquitos. The infection has two stages, within the first stage it causes fever, headaches, vomiting, fatigue, muscle pain and loss of appetite. Approximately 24 hours after recovering from the first stage of the virus, some patients can enter a more dangerous stage. During this stage the virus can affect important organs such as the liver and kidneys, as many as half of the patients who enter this stage die within 7 days.
The good news is that the virus can be prevented with a simple vaccination, within in 30 days of receiving the vaccination it can provide lifelongimmunisation for 99% of those who receive the vaccine.
Where is Yellow fever
The latest outbreak of Yellow Fever is in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda, however it is important to remember that the virus is also common in other tropical and subtropical areas of South America and Asia.
At Questor Insurance we always advise checking to see if your desired destination has been affected before booking your holiday and before setting off on your travels.
Symptoms of Yellow Fever
Once the virus has been contracted it has an incubation period of 3 – 6 days. The Virus has different symptoms depending on the stage the patent is in. Take a look below for more information on each of the stages of the virus and its symptoms:
Symptoms of the first stage of the virus include:
- Muscle pain
- Loss of appetite
Not all patients go through the second stage of the virus, however those who do the symptoms are much more severe and are often life threatening. Symptoms of the second stage of the virus include:
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
- Dark urine
- Stomach pain
- Bleeding from the mouth, eye, nose or stomach
If is advised to be vigilant when travelling to areas at risk of Yellow Fever and follow simple protocols to avoid mosquito bites:
- Get the correct vaccination and discuss your travel plans with a heath care professional
- If you are pregnant or have a weakened immune system always discuss your travel plans with a health care professional
- Keep skin covered and not exposed
- Use insect repellent
- Avoid mosquito breeding sites such a large areas of water
- Sleep under mosquito nets
- Keep windows and doors closed
- Clean or cover water containers to remove areas mosquitos are likely to breed
*(Please note this blog is for information purposes, if you have any concerns please visit the government travel advice website or the World Health Organisation)
ItIJ June 2016 – Issue 185
Date Created: 23 June 2016 by Kim Coppins